Fauna

General

The diverse vegetation and habitats on Bramcote Ridge (as detailed on the Flora page create a myriad of 'micro habitats' that provide a wealth of wildlife with the specific conditions required for food shelter and breeding sites.

A casual visit to the Ridge will reveal birds as the most conspicuous wildlife in the area, due to their continual movement and/or song. They can be observed throughout the site, sometimes at quite close quarters especially in the wooded areas. Over 40 species have been recorded in the area over recent years, but due to their migratory nature not all will be present at any one time.

But looking a little closer will also reveal an even greater wealth of invertebrates. Butterflies can be seen in the open grassland areas, dragonflies and damselflies flit about near the scrub and woodland edges and many other flying insects can be observed feeding on the open flowers.

Looking more closely amongst the vegetation will reveal ants, beetles, molluscs, spiders and caterpillars, all busy hunting or feeding.

Even under the leaf litter, in the soil and under fallen or dead branches these is a wealth of different species of small invertebrates to be observed.

More difficult to sight are the mammals that inhabit the area, although there are plenty of signs of their presence. 'Tell-tales' such as noises in the undergrowth, droppings, nibbled food or piles of feathers all denote the presence of specific species.

Grey Squirrels are the most noticeable as they are active throughout the year and can be frequently observed in the woodland performing acrobatics between the trees.

Many of the other mammals that are present on the Ridge, such as Fox, Hedgehog and visiting Badger, are predominately nocturnal and are seldom seen. Although foxes can sometimes be spotted during the day and late evening in summer - which is also the best time to bats flitting across the darkening sky.

Although the sandy soils make the site very dry, amphibians such as Common Frog and Toad are also present throughout the site, usually deep within the undergrowth searching for invertebrates. We assume that they migrate onto the site from ponds in the surrounding gardens, as there is no other wetland habitats in the general area.

Usually the best opportunity to see them is by helping with the Friend's vegetation management, especially the annual mowing.

Management of wildlife is extremely difficult to implement successfully as individual species form complex inter-relationships with both vegetation and other faunal species (predator/prey). The deliberate intervention in the population size of one species (however 'insignificant' it may seem) may seriously affect the viability of other dependent species in the complex food web.


A Simplified Woodland Food Web

Since all animal life is ultimately dependant on the vegetation within an area, the best management practice is always to ensure that the widest possible diversity of vegetation and habitats are available for wildlife to exploit. This can only be achieved by continual sensitive management.

For a listings of animals recorded on the site to-date use the links above

Vertebrate Species List

This page lists all the Mammal, Bird and Amphibian species identified on the entire open space. Each species is categorised with both its common and scientific name, along with a 'frequency' intended to give some indication as to how widespread each species is on the site - i.e. common or scarce resident, summer or winter visitor.

If the Common Name is GREEN, this signifies that there is a photograph of that species in our library: click the link to view the relevant photo and click anywhere image to close it.

Mammals

Common Name

Scientific Name

Frequency

Field Vole

Microtus agrestis

scarce resident

Mole

Talpa europaea

common resident

Hedgehog

Erinaceus europaeus

scarce resident

Grey Squirrel

Sciurus carolinensis

common resident

Badger

Meles meles

non resident

Fox

Vulpes vulpes

common resident

Birds

Common Name

Scientific Name

Frequency

Mallard

Anas platyrhynchos

scarce resident

Buzzard

Buteo buteo

scarce resident

Sparrowhawk

Accipiter nisus

fairly common resident

Kestrel ²

Falco tinnunculus

scarce resident

Pheasant

Phasianus colchicus

scarce resident

Woodcock

Scolopax rusticola

scarce resident

Black-Headed Gull ²

Chroicocephalus ridibundas

scarce resident

Stock Dove

Columba oenas

scarce resident

Woodpigeon

Columba palumbus

abundant resident

Collared Dove

Streptopelia decaocto

common resident

Tawny Owl

Strix aluco

scarce resident

Swift ²

Apus apus

common summer visitor

Rose Ringed Parakeet

Psittacula krameri

rare visitor

Green Woodpecker ²

Picus viridis

fairly common resident

Great Spotted Woodpecker

Dendrocopos major

scarce resident

Lesser Spotted Woodpecker ¹

Dendrocopos minor

rare resident

Swallow ²

Hirundo rustica

fairly common summer visitor

House Martin ²

Delichon urbica

fairly common summer visitor

Pied Wagtail

Motcilla alba

scarce resident

Waxwing

Bombycilla garrulus

scarce winter visitor

Dunnock ²

Prunella modularis

common resident

Whitethroat ²

Sylvia communis

scarce summer visitor

Blackcap ³

Sylvia atricapilla

common summer/winter visitor

Willow Warbler ²

Phylloscopus trochilus

scarce summer visitor

Chiffchaff

Phylloscopus collybita

fairly common summer visitor

Wood Warbler ¹

Phylloscopus sibilatrix

scarce summer visitor

Garden Warbler

Silvia borin

scarce summer visitor

Goldcrest ²

Regulus regulus

scarce resident

Robin

Erithacus rubecula

abundant resident

Blackbird

Turdus merula

abundant resident

Fieldfare ¹

Turdus pilaris

fairly common winter visitor

Redwing ¹

Turdus iliacus

fairly common winter visitor

Song Thrush ¹

Turdus philomelos

scarce resident

Mistle Thrush ²

Turdus viscivorus

scarce resident

Long-tailed Tit

Aegithalos caudatus

abundant resident

Coal Tit

Parus ater

fairly common resident

Great Tit

Parus major

common resident

Blue Tit

Parus caeruleus

abundant resident

Nuthatch

Sitta europaea

scarce resident

Treecreeper

Certhia familiaris

scarce resident

Wren

Troglodytes troglodytes

common resident

Chaffinch

Fringilla coelebus

abundant resident

Goldfinch

Carduelis carduelis

common resident

Siskin

Carduelis spinus

scarce winter visitor

Greenfinch

Carduelis chloris

common resident

Bullfinch ²

Pyrrhula pyrrhula

fairly common resident

Redpoll ¹

Carduelis flammea

scarce winter visitor

House Sparrow ¹

Passer domesticus

fairly common resident

Starling ¹

Sturnus vulgaris

fairly common resident

Jay

Garrulus glandarius

fairly common resident

Magpie

Pica pica

abundant resident

Carrion Crow

Corvus corone corone

common resident

Jackdaw

Corvus monedula

scarce resident

¹ Species on the BTO/RSPB/JNCC Red List (of HIGH Conservation Concern) updated in 2009
² Species on the BTO/RSPB/JNCC Amber List (of MODERATE Conservation Concern) updated in 2009
³ The Blackcap is not considered as a resident: Those seen during summer migrate further south in winter, and those seen during winter were living further north during the summer months.
Amphibians

Common Name

Scientific Name

Frequency

Common Toad

Buffo buffo

scarce resident

Common Frog

Rana temporaria

scarce resident

Invertebrate Species List

This page lists all the Butterfly, Damselfly abd Dragonfly species identified on the entire open space. Hopefully this list will grow over time as other species are recorded.

It is also hoped that more invertebrates species will be included on these pages at some point in the future. Unfortunately these call for specialist survey techniques, and so, may take some time to organise and implement.

Each species is categorised with both its common and scientific name, along with a 'frequency' intended to give some indication as to how widespread each species is on the site - i.e. common or scarce resident, summer or winter visitor.

If the Common Name is GREEN, this signifies that there is a photograph of that species in our library: click the link to view the relevant photo and click anywhere image to close it.

Butterflies

Common Name

Scientific Name

Frequency

Small Skipper

Thymelicus sylvestris

frequent (resident)

Essex Skipper

Thymelicus lineola

rare(resident)

Large Skipper

Ochlodes venata

frequent(resident)

Clouded Yellow

Colias crocous

rare (migrant)

Brimstone

Gonepteryx rhamni

occasional (resident)

Large White

Pieris brassicae

frequent (resident)

Small White

Pieris rapae

frequent (resident)

Green-veined White

Pieris napi

frequent (resident)

Orange-tip

Anthocharis cardamines

occasional (resident)

Small Copper

Lycaena phlaeas

occasional (resident)

White Letter Hairstreak

Satyrium w-album

rare (resident)

Common Blue

Polyommatus icarus

occasional (resident)

Holly Blue

Celastrina argiolus

frequent (resident)

Red Admiral

Vanessa atalanta

occasional (migrant/resident)

Painted Lady

Cynthia cardui

occasional (migrant)

Small Tortoiseshell

Aglais urticae

occasional (resident)

Peacock

Inachis io

occasional (resident)

Comma

Polygonia c-album

occasional (resident)

Speckled Wood

Pararge aegeria

abundant (resident)

Gatekeeper

Pyronia tithonus

abundant (resident)

Meadow Brown

Maniola jurtina

frequent (resident)

Ringlet

Aphantopus hyperantus

abundant (resident)

Small Heath

Coenonympha pamphilus

rare (resident)

Dragonflies & Damselflies

Common Name

Scientific Name

Frequency

Common Blue Damselfly

Enallagma cyathigerum

common

Large Red Damselfly

Pyrrhosoma nymphula

rare

Blue Tailed Damselfly

Ischaura elegens

scarce

Common Hawker

Aeshna juncea

rare

Southern Hawker

Aeshna cyanea

fairly common

Brown Hawker

Aeshna grandis

fairly common

Migrant Hawker

Aeshna mixta latrielle

rare

Four Spotted Chaser

Libellula quadrimaculata

scarce

Common Darter

Sympetrum striolatum

scarce

Banded Demoisselle

Calopteryx splendens

rare